Nixon, The War on Drugs, and Drug Courts – Video
Nixon declared war on drugs. Nancy Reagan just said no. Neither of those were effective strategies to help alleviate the problems flowing from the epidemic of drug abuse that plagues us to this day. Florida Drug Courts have come to their senses and prosecutors are using treatment courts to help people who are otherwise crime-free, seeking help to avoid convictions for serious drug crimes. Check the end of this post you will find the complete transcript of Nixon’s original declaration of war on drugs.
Songwriter and Investigative Journalist Mike Deeson and I worked on an investigative report on the positive impacts of Drug Courts in Florida. 40 years ago, President Richard Nixon declared a war on drugs. 3 years later, in 1974, he said the war was a success. Here is a new song called Florida Drug Court Blues.
“We must wage what I have called Total war against public enemy number one in the United States the problem of dangerous drugs.”
Florida Drug Court
In Pinellas County – a different approach Chief Judge Thomas McGrady says 80% of the crimes are related to substance abuse. For the most part the solution of the problem is incarceration. But in situations where they are non-violent and in a situation where we could get to the point where they could become productive members of society. That seems to be a better use of our limited resources to put it towards treatment rather than in prison.
Sentencing offenders to treatment instead of prison offenses costs taxpayers more than 377 million dollars a year.
“Drug offenders are not bad people trying to get good, they are sick people who can get well.”
One local sheriff said drug abusers should be in prison that’s working so well that’s keeping the people of this community and this state safe. He urges legislators and the governor to leave it alone. Drug treatment courts are too radical says the sheriff.
“Seeing violent offenders out of prison is too radical, some guy with a machine gun or rocket launcher, somebody who is a violent felon is not going to prison because some non-violent offender is in on a minimum mandatory drug sentence. That is too radical. That’s disturbs me greatly and it happens all the time.”
Casey the Lawyer
Sending a drug abuser to prison instead of into a program has a societal cost as well and there is a good chance that the judge will see that same drug abuser in front of him or her once again.
“Prison is graduate school for whatever they were doing before they got in there.”
Casey the Lawyer
At DACCO there is a 6 month residential program that has close to a 70% success rate at the cost of about $10,000 compared that to the average 6.4 year sentence costing taxpayers $124,000 per offender locked up.
As Mike Deeson said, Nixon “declared a war that is clearly being lost .”
Here is Mike’s Youtube Channel
Drug Treatment Court Resources
Transcript of Richard Nixon’s War on Drugs Speech on June 17, 1971
Ladies and gentlemen:
I would like to summarize for you the meeting that I have just had with the bipartisan leader which began at 8 o’clock and was completed 2 hours later.
I began the meeting by making this statement, which I think needs to be made to the Nation: America’s public enemy number one in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy, it is necessary to wage a new, all-out offensive.
I have asked the Congress to provide the legislative authority and the funds to fuel this kind of an offensive. This will be a worldwide offensive dealing with the problems of sources of supply, as well as Americans who may be stationed abroad, wherever they are in the world. It will be government wide, pulling together the nine different fragmented areas within the government in which this problem is now being handled, and it will be nationwide in terms of a new educational program that we trust will result from the discussions that we have had.
With regard to this offensive, it is necessary first to have a new organization, and the new organization will be within the White House. Dr. Jaffe, who will be one of the briefers here today, will be the man directly responsible. He will report directly to me, and he will have the responsibility to take all of the Government agencies, nine, that deal with the problems of rehabilitation, in which his primary responsibilities will be research and education, and see that they work not at cross-purposes, but work together in dealing with the problem.
If we are going to have a successful offensive, we need more money. Consequently, I am asking the Congress for $155 million in new funds, which will bring the total amount this year in the budget for drug abuse, both in enforcement and treatment, to over $350 million.
As far as the new money is concerned, incidentally, I have made it clear to the leaders that if this is not enough, if more can be used, if Dr. Jaffe, after studying this problem, finds that we can use more, more will be provided. In order to defeat this enemy which is causing such great concern, and correctly so, to so many American families, money will be provided to the extent that it is necessary and to the extent that it will be useful.
Finally, in order for this program to be effective, it is necessary that it be conducted on a basis in which the American people all join in it. That is why the meeting was bipartisan; bipartisan because we needed the support of the Congress, but bipartisan because we needed the leadership of the Members of the Congress in this field.
Fundamentally, it is essential for the American people to be alerted to this danger, to recognize that it is a danger that will not pass with the passing of the war in Vietnam which has brought to our attention the fact that a number of young Americans have become addicts as they serve abroad, whether in Vietnam, or Europe, or other places. Because the problem existed before we became involved in Vietnam; it will continue to exist afterwards. That is why this offensive deals with the problem there, in Europe, but will then go on to deal with the problem throughout America.
One final word with regard to Presidential responsibility in this respect. I very much hesitate always to bring some new responsibility into the White House, because there are so many here, and I believe in delegating those responsibilities to the departments. But I consider this problem so urgent—I also found that it was scattered so much throughout the Government, with so much conflict, without coordination—that it had to be brought into the White House.
Consequently, I have brought Dr. Jaffe into the White House, directly reporting to me, so that we have not only the responsibility, but the authority to see that we wage this offensive effectively and in a coordinated way.
The briefing team will now be ready to answer any questions on the technical details of the program.
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