3 Scary Ways Florida Judges Can Use AI

Law Office of W.F. ''Casey'' Ebsary Jr

Lawyer Reacts: 3 Scary Ways Judges Can Use AI

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionized numerous industries, and the legal system is no exception. Judges now have access to powerful AI tools that can assist them in making crucial decisions. While these technological advancements have their merits, there are some aspects that give lawyers like me pause. Here are three scary ways judges can use AI:

  1. Risk Assessment: Judges can employ AI tools that assess the risk of recidivism or flight risk for defendants. These tools take into account various factors, such as criminal history, personal characteristics, and social environment. While this can aid in bail and parole decisions, there are concerns about the potential biases encoded within the algorithms.
  2. Case Prediction: AI algorithms can analyze vast amounts of past case data to predict the likely outcome of a current case based on similar precedents. This can help judges make more informed decisions, but it also raises concerns about the potential for relying too heavily on past outcomes, potentially overlooking unique aspects of each case.
  3. Sentencing Guidelines: AI can assist judges by providing recommendations for appropriate sentencing based on factors such as the severity of the crime, the defendant’s criminal history, and demographic information. This has the potential to promote consistency in sentencing decisions. However, there are concerns about the fairness and transparency of these algorithms, as they may perpetuate existing biases within the criminal justice system.

AI and the Future of Criminal Justice

While AI has the potential to improve efficiency and consistency in the legal system, it is crucial to tread carefully. Lawyers and judges must ensure that these tools are used ethically and transparently, taking into account the limitations and potential biases of AI algorithms. As a criminal defense lawyer, I believe it is essential to continuously monitor and evaluate the use of AI in the legal system. By staying informed and engaging in discussions about its impact, we can work towards a fair and just implementation of AI in our judicial processes. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has brought significant advancements to the legal system, enabling judges to leverage its power for making informed decisions. However, as a lawyer, I have concerns about certain applications of AI that could have unintended consequences.

3 Scary Ways Judges Can use AI
3 Scary Ways Judges Can use AI

Here Are Three More Scary Concerns When Judges Use AI:

  • Biased Data and Algorithms: AI systems heavily rely on data, and if the data used to train the algorithms is biased, it can perpetuate and amplify existing inequalities within the legal system. Judges must be cautious about the sources and quality of the data used in AI tools to avoid discriminatory outcomes.
  • Lack of Accountability: When AI algorithms are responsible for making decisions, it becomes challenging to hold them accountable for errors or biases. Judges must take an active role in understanding the underlying mechanisms of AI tools and ensure transparency and accountability in their usage.
  • Ethical Dilemmas: AI can face ethical dilemmas where it is difficult to strike the right balance between efficiency and fairness. For example, an AI tool that optimizes for reduced caseloads may prioritize speed over thorough analysis, potentially compromising justice. Judges must be mindful of these ethical challenges and use AI as a supporting tool rather than relying solely on its outputs.


It is crucial for judges, lawyers, and policymakers to work together in establishing guidelines and regulations to address these concerns. Transparency, explainability, and regular audits of AI systems are necessary to ensure they align with legal and ethical standards. As AI continues to evolve, legal professionals must stay updated on the latest developments, engage in ongoing discussions, and advocate for responsible AI practices in the courtroom. By leveraging AI technology thoughtfully, we can enhance the legal system while safeguarding the principles of justice and fairness.


“Artificial Intelligence and Legal Decision-Making” – Journal of International Arbitration Volume 36, Issue 5 (2019) pp. 539 – 573. Available at: kluwerlawonline.com

“The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Law” – Forthcoming chapter in Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, 2020 U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-29. Available at: papers.ssrn.com

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